Types of Infertility in Females and Males, Causes & Treatment (2022)

Doctors classify the following types of infertility. Infertility can be male or female; primary or secondary; sterility (absolute infertility) or relative infertility; permanent or temporary. Let`s overview each of them as well as their most effective treatment techniques.

Types of Infertility in Females and Males, Causes & Treatment (1)

Let’s start with the definition of infertility to distinguish it from temporary difficulties of conception and other conditions.

Infertility is an inability to conceive a child after 12 months of regular unprotected sex. However, you should know that the one-year term is very arbitrary. For instance, the older a woman is, the more time it might take for the pregnancy. Therefore, before coming up with the conclusion that you have infertility, you should consider your age, health, and consult a doctor.

Types of Infertility in Females and Males, Causes & Treatment (2)

It is also worth mentioning that pathologies that cause conception problems can relate to both men and women. That is why doctors can make a clear diagnosis only after a complete examination of the couple.

Types of Female Infertility – Classification, Diagnostics & Treatment

Scientists distinguish different types of infertility in females depending on previous pregnancies, causes, timeline, and treatment possibilities.

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Primary vs. Secondary Infertility Types

Primary infertility type takes place if a woman cannot become pregnant and didn’t have previous pregnancies.

Reasons: endocrine diseases cause 60-80% of primary infertility cases.

Secondary infertility type occurs if women have biological kids from previous pregnancies. Alternatively, secondary infertility results from abortion, ectopic pregnancy, miscarriage, etc., and the woman cannot become pregnant again.

Reasons: inflammatory diseases of genital organs cause 80-90% of secondary infertility cases.

Absolute vs. Relative Female Infertility

Infertility is relative if a woman can have biological kids as a result of the medication or assisted reproductive technologies.

Reasons: PCOS, hostile uterus, etc.

Infertility is absolute if a woman cannot have biological kids even with the use of hormonal medication, IVF, and surrogacy.

Reasons: results from surgical removal of the ovaries, severe cases of endometriosis.

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Luckily, with the development of modern reproductive technologies, more and more cases become relevant. E.g., ten years ago, the absence of fallopian tubes or uterus leads to absolute female infertility. Now it’s relevant because women can have healthy biological kids thanks to In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF) and Surrogacy.

Congenital vs. Acquires Infertility in Females

Types of Infertility in Females and Males, Causes & Treatment (4)

Congenital infertility is caused by hereditary and congenital pathologies. Genetic conditions that can lead to infertility are endocrine diseases, genital malformations, etc. It is also believed that factors such as smoking, medications, radiation, etc. can trigger genetic mutations. More than that, considering the age factor, we strongly recommend all couples over 35 consult genetics during pregnancy planning.

Acquired infertility type arises from diseases and other factors that influence female organism during the whole life. Most often, it coincides with secondary infertility.

Temporary vs. Permanent Infertility Types

Temporary infertility develops due to the passing causes. Anovulatory menstrual cycles during lactation or in early puberty are good examples of temporary female infertility.

Permanent infertility arises due to constant causes, such as absent fallopian tubes or uterus. Its alternative name is sterility.

Physiological vs. Pathological vs. Voluntarily Female Infertility

Women experience physiological infertility in the pre-pubertal and postmenopausal periods, during lactation, etc. In general, this type deals with regular cycles and states of the female organism. Pubertal and lactation changes are temporary and don`t lower the chances of having kids.

All etiological factors of primary and secondary infertility lead to pathological infertility. It means that something went wrong as a result of a disease or a condition.

Nowadays, women are also facing the third type of infertility, that has nothing to do with physiology or ovulatory disorders. That is a voluntary infertility. Due to socio-economic or other factors, a woman consciously does not want to become pregnant and give birth to children.

Infertility Types According to Cause Localization

Types of Infertility in Females and Males, Causes & Treatment (5)

1. Tubal

A tubal infertility develops due to biological or functional pathology. Biological causes of tubal infertility are:

  • inflammatory diseases;
  • postpartum;
  • postabortion;
  • postoperative complications;
  • fallopian tubes endometriosis.

Functional tubal infertility reasons are:

  • pathology of the neuroendocrine system for regulating reproductive function;
  • steroidogenesis;
  • prostaglandin involvement.

2. Peritoneal

A peritoneal infertility has the same causes as tubal infertility. It is the result of adhesions caused by inflammatory diseases, surgical interventions on the genitals, and in the abdominal cavity.

Endometriosis is a peritoneal disease. As a result of endometriosis, the endometrium localizes outside the uterine cavity. It happens in 5-10 women out of 100. The causes of endometriosis can be mechanical, immunological, and hormonal. To diagnose it, the doctor needs the results of the gynecological and ultrasound examinations of the patient. The pathogenesis of this disease is still not entirely clear, therefore, unfortunately, there is no single approach to the treatment.

3. Endocrine

An endocrine infertility covers all forms of primary and secondary amenorrhea, follicular and luteal insufficiency, ovarian and adrenal hyperandrogenemia, hyperprolactinemia, etc.

Endocrine infertility occurs in women as a result of dysfunction of the ovaries, adrenal glands, pituitary gland, or thyroid gland. The female organism does not produce enough hormones, which leads to a malfunction in the maturation of the eggs. This type of infertility is most often temporary and disappears after hormonal normalization.

4. Immunological

Immunological infertility is a problem for 1 out of 5 couples. The reason lies in an autoimmune response of a female organism to sperm. The female body can produce a massive amount of antibodies and therefore kill the sperm before it can fertilize the egg. The most effective treatments are IUI insemination and IVF technology.

One more type is infertility due to malformations and disorders in the reproductive system, e.g.:

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  • hymen, vagina or cervical canal atresia;
  • acquired cervical canal fusion;
  • vaginal aplasia;
  • double reproductive organs (uterus and vagina);
  • traumatic damage to the genitals;
  • retroflexed uterus and uterine.

5. Psychogenic

Psychogenic infertility results from psycho-emotional disorders and stress. It arises as a result of stress and other factors. Statistics say that at least 30% of couples cannot conceive a child as a result of psychological infertility. The fear of responsibility for the child or losing attractiveness is top-2 reasons for psychological infertility.

6. Uterine

Uterine infertility form appears due to multiple degenerative changes in the endometrium, inflammatory processes, and traumatic injuries.

Every third patient with primary infertility has uterine fibroids that become the main infertility reason. The diagnosis of this disease is not complicated. To detect a large and medium fibroid, a doctor needs a gynecological examination and ultrasound results. In some cases, they need to make hysteroscopy to determine the state of the endometrium. As a rule, uterine fibroids infertility is temporary, and a woman can become pregnant after the node removal.

7. Extragenital

Extragenital infertility form results from somatic diseases and can directly affect the generative function or lead to hormonal disorders.

Treatment of Different Female Infertility Types

Infertility treatment starts after establishing its form and causes. Moreover, doctors need to get information about the male partner health.

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Endocrine Infertility Treatment

  1. Elimination of metabolic disorders (obesity), therapy of extragenital diseases, correction of possible thyroid, and adrenal gland disorders. These actions can contribute to the normalization of menstrual function and lead to pregnancy.
  2. Hormonal therapy or surgical treatment takes place. After the course of treatment, doctors should make a thorough examination of the patient.

Tubal and Peritoneal Infertility Treatment

Treatment of these two infertility types is conservative.

If doctors establish the idiopathic form of infertility, they can prescribe the following medications:

  • antispasmodics;
  • sedatives;
  • tranquilizers;
  • prostaglandin inhibitors;
  • cyclic hormone therapy with estrogens and progestogens;
  • psychotherapy;
  • physiotherapeutic procedures;
  • ultrasound;
  • hydrotherapy.

In other cases, the patient might need surgical operation:

  • salpingolysis;
  • fimbriolysis and fimbrioplasty;
  • salpingoplasty or salpingostomy;
  • tube anastomosis ;
  • tube implantation.

Immunological Infertility Treatment

Treatment of immunological infertility implies GCS (cyclic hormonal therapy) with estrogens, antihistamines, anabolic hormones. Doctors recommend patients to use condoms for 5-7 months to eliminate the intake of antigens in the woman’s body and reduce sensitization. Intrauterine insemination and IVF show the best results for immunological infertility treatment.

IUI Treatment

Artificial insemination (IUI) is the introduction of sperm into the genital tract of a woman induce pregnancy. Women can use the sperm of a male partner or a donor. It is sufficient to make insemination 2-3 times during the menstrual cycle on its 12-14th day.

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Donor sperm is obtained from men under 36 years of age, physically and mentally healthy, without inherited diseases and disorders. The pregnancy rate after artificial insemination is 10-20%. The course of pregnancy and childbirth are similar to those during natural conception.

IVF Treatment

In vitro fertilization (IVF) is external fertilization of eggs, cultivation, and transfer of the resulting embryos to the uterus.

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Assisted reproductive technologies allow the use of cryopreservation programs not only for sperm but also for oocytes and embryos, which reduces the cost of IVF attempts.

The standard IVF procedure consists of several stages:

  • ovarian stimulation;
  • egg retrieval under ultrasound control;
  • oocyte insemination;
  • embryo cultivation (48 hours);
  • embryo transfer of 2-3 embryos to the uterine cavity;

Patients can use their own eggs or choose a healthy egg donor from the database.

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Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is another modern type of IVF, which implies the transfer of a single sperm cell into the oocyte. It is quite useful if a male partner has sperm with poor or abnormal morphology.

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Types of Male Infertility

Male infertility is the inability of a mature male body to fertilize. It happens due to two major reason groups, i.e., secretory and excretory.

  1. Secretory infertility happens due to impaired spermatogenesis.
  2. Excretory infertility arises from sperm excretion problems.

Etiological Factors that Cause Male Infertility

1. Impaired regulation of testicular function. That relates to impaired secretion of FSH and LHb or hyperprolactinemia.

2. Primary disorders in the testicles can be as follows:

  • idiopathic;
  • varicocele;
  • chromosomal pathology (Kleinfelter’s syndrome);
  • cryptorchidism;
  • the effect of chemical agents and drugs;
  • orchitis (traumatological and inflammatory);
  • immunological.

3. Congenital or inflammatory obstruction of the vas deferens.

4. Disorders of additional gonads, namely:

  • prostatitis;
  • vesiculitis;
  • congenital absence of spermatic cord or seminal vesicles.

5. Sexual intercourse disorders:

  • rare sexual intercourse;
  • hypospadias;
  • impotence;
  • hypospadias;
  • retrograde ejaculation.

6. Psychological factors.

Male Infertility Examination

To define the male infertility type the patient has, doctors should make a thorough medical examination.

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First of all, the doctor will ask the male patient about the complaints, family history, and heredity. Past illnesses, chronic diseases, previous surgery also play a significant role in diagnostics. In addition to the medical history examinations, doctors will ask about the sexual life, methods of contraception the man uses.

The second step is laboratory testing. They imply the study of spermatozoa. They test the sperm motility, assessment, and concentration of sperm, seminal fluid, and flora. Based on the spermiogram, normozoospermia, oligozoospermia, teratozoospermia, asthenozoospermia, azoospermia, aspermia are distinguished.

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Additionally, doctors can make infection screening. This is a cytological analysis of the urethra, prostate secretion and seminal vesicles, bacteriological analysis of sperm and / or prostate secretion. It helps to diagnose chlamydia, ureaplasma, virus, etc.

They can also run a biochemical study of semen and hormonal examination, thermography, ultrasound, testicle biopsy, X-ray if the reason is of infertility is not clear.

Treatment of Male Infertility Types

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Therapeutic options are limited. More often, doctors prescribe hormone replacement therapy. A patient can take clomiphene, tamoxifen, testosterone, gonadotropins. If the patient has obstruction of the vas deferens, doctors imply surgery.

Where Can I Diagnose and Treat Infertility?

We genuinely believe that almost every couple can conceive and give birth to a healthy baby. To make that possible, we offer accurate diagnostics and treatment of all infertility types and provide IVF, ICSI, and IUI services. Significant experience of our specialists, a modern scientific and technical base, an attentive approach to each client, and the use of the latest reproductive techniques are the key to the high efficiency of the clinic.

Types of Infertility in Females and Males, Causes & Treatment (14)

Let the numbers speak for us. Sunshine fertility experts have been helping people for more than 10 years. Consequently, thanks to the efforts of our doctors, more than 7,500 children were born.

    When a couple wants to have children but cannot get pregnant, it can make them desperate and hopeless. However, our doctors insist that the diagnosis of infertility does not mean that you should stop trying. Struggle, identify your infertility type and the causes of pathology and start to fight them.

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    (Video) What is Infertility? | Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment of Infertility in Men and Women

    FAQs

    What are the types of infertility? ›

    What are 5 causes of infertility in females? ›

    Certain factors may put you at higher risk of infertility, including:
    • Age. The quality and quantity of a woman's eggs begin to decline with age. ...
    • Smoking. Besides damaging your cervix and fallopian tubes, smoking increases your risk of miscarriage and ectopic pregnancy. ...
    • Weight. ...
    • Sexual history. ...
    • Alcohol.
    Aug 27, 2021

    What is the treatment of female infertility? ›

    Medications that regulate or stimulate ovulation are known as fertility drugs. Fertility drugs are the main treatment for women who are infertile due to ovulation disorders. Fertility drugs generally work like natural hormones — follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) — to trigger ovulation.

    What is the treatment of infertility? ›

    There are 3 main types of fertility treatment: medicines. surgical procedures. assisted conception – including intrauterine insemination (IUI) and in vitro fertilisation (IVF)

    What are 3 common causes of infertility? ›

    • Scarring from surgery. Pelvic surgery can damage and scar the fallopian tubes, which link the ovaries to the womb. ...
    • Cervical mucus problems. ...
    • Fibroids. ...
    • Endometriosis. ...
    • Pelvic inflammatory disease. ...
    • Sterilisation. ...
    • Medicines and drugs.

    What are the most common causes of infertility? ›

    What things increase a woman's risk of infertility?
    • Age.
    • Smoking.
    • Excess alcohol use.
    • Stress.
    • Poor diet.
    • Athletic training.
    • Being overweight or underweight.
    • Sexually transmitted infections (STIs)
    Feb 22, 2021

    What are 3 ways to prevent infertility? ›

    Reducing Your Risk of Infertility
    • Maintain a normal body weight. Weighing too much or too little can not only put your health at risk, but also can diminish your fertility.
    • Exercise. ...
    • Don't smoke. ...
    • Never have unprotected sex. ...
    • When you're ready to have children, don't delay. ...
    • Stay informed.

    What is male infertility? ›

    Male infertility means a man is not able to start a pregnancy with his female partner. Male infertility can have many causes. You may not make enough sperm or healthy sperm. You may have a genetic problem like cystic fibrosis.

    What are the symptoms of female infertility? ›

    Signs of Potential Infertility in Women
    • Abnormal periods. Bleeding is heavier or lighter than usual.
    • Irregular periods. The number of days in between each period varies each month.
    • No periods. You have never had a period, or periods suddenly stop.
    • Painful periods. Back pain, pelvic pain, and cramping may happen.
    Oct 1, 2021

    How is male infertility treated? ›

    Treatments for male infertility include:
    1. Surgery. For example, a varicocele can often be surgically corrected or an obstructed vas deferens repaired. ...
    2. Treating infections. ...
    3. Treatments for sexual intercourse problems. ...
    4. Hormone treatments and medications. ...
    5. Assisted reproductive technology (ART).
    Apr 13, 2021

    What is the most common treatment for infertility? ›

    In vitro fertilization (IVF) is the most common ART technique. IVF involves stimulating and retrieving multiple mature eggs, fertilizing them with sperm in a dish in a lab, and implanting the embryos in the uterus several days after fertilization.

    What is the first treatment for infertility? ›

    Clomiphene citrate 100mg with artificial insemination (IUI) remains the first line treatment of choice for unexplained infertility.

    Which fertility treatment is most effective? ›

    Generally speaking, IVF is the most powerful and successful treatment for all forms of infertility, including age-related infertility and unexplained infertility.

    Which injection is used to get pregnant? ›

    Injected Hormones

    Some of the types are: Human chorionic gonadotropin(hCG), such as Novarel, Ovidrel, Pregnyl, and Profasi. This medication is usually used along with other fertility drugs to trigger your ovaries to release an egg. Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), such as Bravelle, Fertinex, Follistim, and Gonal-F.

    What drugs cause male infertility? ›

    Other medications: The following medications may cause male fertility problems: some antibiotics, spironolactone, cimetidine, nifedipine, sulfasalazine, and colchicine. If you are having trouble creating a pregnancy and are taking these medications, talk to your doctor and see a urologist for semen testing.

    What are 2 causes of male infertility? ›

    These are the main causes of male infertility:
    • Sperm Disorders.
    • Varicoceles.
    • Retrograde Ejaculation.
    • Immunonologic Infertility.
    • Obstruction.
    • Hormones.
    • Medication.

    How can I test my fertility? ›

    Your doctor will give you a pelvic exam. They may also use an ultrasound to look at your ovaries and uterus, and give you a blood test to check your hormones. Sometimes you'll need to start tracking your ovulation patterns by checking your cervical mucus, taking your temperature, or using home ovulation tests.

    Do infertile woman have periods? ›

    The short answer to this question is yes. You can certainly struggle with infertility and still have a period every month. Most fertility problems arise from an ovulation disorder that could influence your period. But your struggles with conception could be caused by other factors.

    What is the best medicine for male infertility? ›

    Treating Male Infertility Through Hormones

    Clomiphene or Clomid. Anastrazole or arimidex. hCG (human chorionic gonadotropin) or hMG (human menopausal gonadotropin)

    Can a man with low sperm pregnant a woman? ›

    Having a low sperm count decreases the odds that one of your sperm will fertilize your partner's egg, resulting in pregnancy. Nonetheless, many men who have a low sperm count are still able to father a child.

    What is the most common cause of infertility in males? ›

    Sperm disorders

    Problems with making healthy sperm are the most common causes of male infertility. Sperm may be immature, abnormally shaped, or unable to swim. In some cases, you may not have enough sperm. Or you may not make any sperm.

    What are two causes of female infertility? ›

    What are some possible causes of female infertility?
    • Failure to Ovulate. ...
    • Problems in the Menstrual Cycle. ...
    • Structural Problems of the Reproductive System. ...
    • Infections. ...
    • Failure of an Egg to Mature Properly. ...
    • Implantation Failure. ...
    • Endometriosis. ...
    • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
    Jan 31, 2017

    What are the causes of infertility Class 12? ›

    These are physical, congenital diseases, drugs, immunological or physiological.

    What are the three most common causes of female infertility? ›

    What causes infertility in women?
    • Blocked fallopian tubes due to pelvic inflammatory disease, endometriosis, or surgery for an ectopic pregnancy.
    • Physical problems with the uterus.
    • Uterine fibroids, which are non-cancerous clumps of tissue and muscle on the walls of the uterus.
    Feb 22, 2021

    How is male infertility treated? ›

    Treatments for male infertility include:
    1. Surgery. For example, a varicocele can often be surgically corrected or an obstructed vas deferens repaired. ...
    2. Treating infections. ...
    3. Treatments for sexual intercourse problems. ...
    4. Hormone treatments and medications. ...
    5. Assisted reproductive technology (ART).
    Apr 13, 2021

    What is male infertility called? ›

    Impotence, otherwise known as erectile dysfunction (ED), refers to trouble getting or maintaining an erection. This can make it difficult or impossible to have intercourse. Sterility, also called infertility, refers to an inability to produce or release sperm.

    Can infertile woman have periods? ›

    The short answer to this question is yes. You can certainly struggle with infertility and still have a period every month. Most fertility problems arise from an ovulation disorder that could influence your period. But your struggles with conception could be caused by other factors.

    What are 3 ways to prevent infertility? ›

    Reducing Your Risk of Infertility
    • Maintain a normal body weight. Weighing too much or too little can not only put your health at risk, but also can diminish your fertility.
    • Exercise. ...
    • Don't smoke. ...
    • Never have unprotected sex. ...
    • When you're ready to have children, don't delay. ...
    • Stay informed.

    What are the causes of infertility in males and females Class 12? ›

    Note: Other factors like smoking, drinking, improper diet, overweight, chemical exposure, etc. may also increase the chances of infertility. Sexually transmitting infections (STIs) like Chlamydia, have the ability to damage the fallopian tube of females and it causes inflammations in the scrotum of males.

    What is ZIFT and GIFT? ›

    GIFT/ZIFT. Gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT) and zygote intrafallopian transfer (ZIFT) are 2 methods used to help a woman become pregnant. With GIFT, sperm and eggs are put in the fallopian tube. With ZIFT, the sperm and egg are first combined in a lab. Then a fertilized egg is put into the fallopian tube.

    It is a complex issue that involves many factors, including the environment, genetics, hormones, lifestyle, and even your mental health!. Don’t fight about whether it’s you or your partner’s fault, it is not uncommon for both couples to have issues with fertility.. Infertility in couples can be a very complex issue.. Even if each partner is fertile, there can be problems to conceive a child.. Here we compiled some of the most common causes of infertility in both men and women.. Let’s look at the Top 10 Causes of Infertility in both men and women :. If sperm does not reach a female’s egg, the egg will not be fertilized and the pregnancy will fail to start.. Obesity changes the hormones in the body, which can lead to a lower sperm count.. Common problems include:

    1.Any current medical illness.. Causes Of Infertility In Women:. It is important to consider natural outcomes in pregnancy.Within a year of marriage if the couple are having regular intercourse, 90% of the women should become pregnant.This figure rises to 95% after a 2 year period.No fertility treatment should be started during this period, as the delay in pregnancy is by chance, since these couples have low normal fertility thaninfertility.Thus 5-10% of couples will seek medical advice for delay in achieving pregnancy.. Indications For An Early Referral To A Specialist Infertility Clinic:. 1.Duration of infertility more than 3 years.. Intrauterine Insemination(IUI) may be used to overcome potential problems like thickening of female cervical mucus, premature ejaculation, impotence or anatomical abnormalities.This enables the sperm to be inserted directly into the cervix via the vagina.IUI is only suitable for women with healthy Fallopian Tubes.It involves placing a specially prepared sample of sperm into the uterus at the optimum time in the cycle.To increase the chances of pregnancy, the female partner is given fertility drugs.The treatment is monitored by regular Ultrasound scan’s to prevent multiple pregnancies.. There are times when it is difficult for the sperm and egg to meet in the fallopian tube and the normal processes of fertilisation cannot take place in the body.In vitro fertilisation(IVF)offers an opportunity to avoid such problems by allowing fertilisation to occur outside the body in a glass dish(culture dish).Upto 3 of any resultant embryos can be replaced in the womb.Appropriate IVF can be done with donated eggs, sperm or embryos.. With the progress in medical science, a wide number of treatment options are available, with huge success rates.Thus it is advisable that couples visit specialist infertility clinics at the earliest. For further informations , FREE CONSULTANCY and COUNSELLING , Contact JOAS MEDICAL DIAGNOSTIX. JOAS MEDICAL DIAGNOSTIX, Ikotun Lagos Nigeria, offer comprehensive infertility screening tests for both couples like Transvaginal Scan for uterine and ovarian functions,Ovulation/follicular tracking, HSG to evaluate the fallopian tubes, blood tests for hormone check, semen analysis etc.. For accurate assessment of your fertility situation, contact us at JOAS MEDICAL DIAGNOSTIX, Ikotun Lagos Nigeria.. Also for Quality and Accurate Medical Diagnostic Tests Contact. JOAS MEDICAL DIAGNOSTIX. DISCLAIMER. The contents, blogs and postings provided in this site are offered strictly for informational purposes only and should not be construed as legal, medical nor financial advice on any matter.

    When infertility is caused by factors having to do with the male rather than the female—such as low sperm count—it’s considered a case of male infertility.. “A lesser-known aspect of infertility is that doctors find that male factor fertility issues are as common as female factor fertility issues when couples seek treatment because they are unable to conceive,” says Nataki Douglas, M.D., Ph.D, the chair of the Modern Fertility advisory board.. Certain genetic conditions can have an impact on male fertility, too, adds Dr. Douglas.. Lifestyle factors play a role, too, such as weight, says Dr. Rosenwaks—when you’re overweight, it can have an impact on hormones and sperm.. If they’re over 35, however, they should see a doctor after six months, and they should feel free to talk to a doctor immediately if they’re over 40.. However, Dr. Douglas notes that if you’re really concerned about male infertility, it’s okay to ask your doctor for a sperm analysis right away so you can talk through next steps.

    Is Infertility Just a Woman's Problem?. No, Infertility is not always woman’s problem.. What Causes Infertility In Women?. At the age of 35 or up, they may face many health problem that can cause of infertility issue.. Females aged 35 years or older should see their doctors after six months of trying.. How Can Our Doctors Test if a Women and Her Husband Have Infertility Issue?

    If a woman is not having a pregnancy, then the male may be having infertility issues.. Women’s age is indeed an essential factor for pregnancy.. The research indicates that it will raise male fertility and pregnancy worldwide.. Treatment of Male Infertility. Factors that affect semen quality are sperm morphology, sperm morbidity, and sperm volume.. All the above techniques refer to male infertility, and treatment after diagnosis helps to increase the male quality in males.. Most couples aged 35 to 45 have 5.5 %, and 45-50 have a 5.2% infertility rise.. What is the most common cause of infertility in males and females?. What are four causes of female infertility?. What are the four causes of male infertility?. Who causes infertility?

    Infertility may result from an issue with either you or your partner, or a combination of factors that prevent pregnancy.. Are age 35 or older and have been trying to conceive for six months or longer Are over age 40 Have irregular or absent periods Have very painful periods Have known fertility problems Have been diagnosed with endometriosis or pelvic inflammatory disease Have had multiple miscarriages Have undergone treatment for cancer. Infertility causes can affect one or both partners.. Causes of female infertility may include:. Miscarriages are more frequent in women who smoke.. For men, sperm count also may be affected by being overweight.. Less often, ovulation problems may be associated with frequent strenuous, intense exercise in women who are not overweight.. Avoid drug and tobacco use and drinking too much alcohol, which may contribute to male infertility.. Being overweight or underweight can affect your hormone production and cause infertility.. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists Committee on Adolescent Health Care.. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists Committee on Gynecologic Practice: Practice Committee of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine.

    Out of all of the systems working in our body, the human reproductive system is the most excellent collaboration of the different organs.. The male reproductive system is designed for manufacturing semen or sperms that are needed for the fertilization of the egg in females.. Semen is the fluid in males that carries sperms to the body of a female during intercourse.. These indicate the possible problems in the reproductive system.. Issues with Testicles Infertility in men starts with the issues with testicles that produce sperms and semen.. There are many reasons associated with infertility in men and women.. This is also one of the possible causes of infertility.. Sperms Related The testicles may not be able to produce enough sperms.. In case a couple is not able to conceive, there are 50% chances of male infertility and female fertility.

    Up to age 35, most doctors recommend trying to get pregnant for at least a year before testing or treatment.. Female infertility is caused by one or more of the factors below.. Excess physical or emotional stress, a very high or very low body weight, or a recent substantial weight gain or loss can disrupt production of these hormones and affect ovulation.. Endometriosis can also disrupt implantation of the fertilized egg.. Some can block fallopian tubes or interfere with implantation, affecting fertility.. Besides damaging your cervix and fallopian tubes, smoking increases your risk of miscarriage and ectopic pregnancy.. And any alcohol use can affect the health of a developing fetus.. What is infertility?. Infertility.

    There are many possible causes of infertility, but the two most common are problems with the male reproductive system and problems with the female reproductive system.. In general, problems with the male reproductive system are more common than problems with the female reproductive system, but there is no one cause of infertility.. Rather, infertility can be caused by a variety of factors, including problems with the sperm, problems with the ovaries, and genetic issues.. It can be caused by a number of problems, including male infertility, female infertility, and reproductive problems in general.. These problems can include issues with the male reproductive system, problems with the female reproductive system, and damage to the reproductive organs.. There are many ways to know if you’re infertile, but some of the most reliable methods include: taking a fertility test, discussing your fertility problems with a doctor, and having regular sex.. Women over 35 years old: According to the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, about half of all cases of infertility in women over 35 years old are due to problems with the female reproductive system.. Cancer treatment can have a number of symptoms that can affect fertility, including irregular periods, pelvic pain, and problems with ovulation.

    Also known as PCOS, it is one of the leading causes of infertility in women.. Lifestyle changes and hormonal therapy could reverse some signs of PCOS too.. Women with premature ovarian failure, on the other hand, may have irregular or occasional periods.. This condition can be treated by medication and even surgery.. Painful periods Pain with intercourse Pain with urination and bowel movements Heavy bleeding during periods and sometimes bleeding between periods. Doctors also advise women suffering from this condition to opt for pregnancy earlier rather than later as the condition could worsen over time, impairing their ability to carry a pregnancy to term.. If you feel a sharp growing pain in your testicles you may be experiencing varicocele.. If the condition becomes severe or painful, surgery is used to treat it.. Infections that cause male infertility are:. The time taken in regaining fertility increases with the age of the patient.. Hormonal therapy can help restore the proper balance of hormones in an affected person’s body.. For men, sperm production, delivery and quality are all factors that determine male fertility.. Most can be treated with surgery or medication.

    Depending on what these tests find, your doctor may do further tests, including one to make sure your fallopian tubes are not blocked.. Male Risk FactorsHeat can affect sperm production.. If they are very large, varicocele may cause low sperm production.. Luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) cause the testes to produce testosterone and sperm.. Any condition that lowers LH and FSH levels, such as a pituitary tumor, can result in low or no sperm production and low blood testosterone levels.. Fertility Drugs Clomiphene, taken as a pill, and FSH and LH hormone injections are the main treatment for women with ovulation disorders.. Women with no clear cause of their infertility might also use these drugs.. Injections of GnRH, LH, or FSH help mature eggs and induce ovulation.. If the cause is due to low testosterone, treatment with hormone injections (LH and FSH) is usually successful.. Surgery may also be an option for some women with blocked fallopian tubes, but it depends on your age and the type of blockage.. Egg freezing, referred to as oocyte cryopreservation, refers to the process of removing a woman’s eggs from the ovary and storing them at below freezing temperatures so they can be thawed and fertilized at a future date.. A woman will be given synthetic hormones to increase egg production in the ovaries.. Risks of egg freezing are rare but are important to keep in mind.. What is the cause or causes of my infertility?

    Female infertility Tests can be carried out by the infertility specialist to seek the reasons for such events and to avoid them.. The male is responsible for 30-40% of cases of infertility while females are responsible for about 40-55%.. Infertility in a woman can be directly attributed to dysfunctions in the ovary and ovulation which account for 30-40% cases of female infertility.. Tubal factors are responsible for around 25-35% of cases of female infertility.. Female infertility Tests play a vital role to find out the cause of infertility in females.. The best thing, however, is to consult a trained medical professional, preferably a fertility specialist, to know more about female infertility treatments.. Mostly infertility treatments with an egg donor or surrogacy process are time-consuming and costly treatments, so it is advised to seek the help of an infertility specialist as soon as you come to know about your condition.. Egg Donations , IVF Gender Selection , IVF Process , Surrogacy Pregnancy , UncategorizedCauses of Female Infertility , Female infertility definition , female infertility symptoms , Female infertility Tests , female infertility treatments , IVF with surrogacy , types of infertility , What are the Causes of Female Infertility

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